Toshi (闘志) means “fighting spirit”. Kihon, kata, and kumite develops toshi in an excellent way. Because instructors bring students to their physical and mental limits and even push them through their limits. Toshi itself consists of self-confidence, persistence, determination, control, risk-taking, and competitiveness. All these aspects become important to withstand and to succeed in challenging situations.
List of Authors:
Dr. Christian Tribowski