Kihon (基本) means “basics” or “fundamentals. It describes a mod of practice which focuses on the teaching of the foundational principles and techniques of Shotokan. At the center of kihon stands the right execution of […]

Kihon Ippon Kumite

Kihon ippon kumite (基本一本組み手) means basic (kihon) kumite with the focus on one attack and an immediate block and counter. In gohon and sanbon kumite a sequence of forward and backward steps becomes executed. Kihon […]


Kime (決め) means “to decide”, “focus of power”, or “to finish”. It refers to the intentional sudden tension of body in the final moment of a technique. Kime aims on the transmission of ones own […]


Kokyu (呼吸) means “breathing in and out”. Breathing supports or initiates every movement in Shotokan. Its importance results from the internal pneumatic pressure it generates. This pressure effects the activity of other muscle regions. It […]


Kumite (組手) means “grappling hands”. In this training form, students learn to fight against one or more attackers. It becomes increasingly complex as experienced the students be. The most simple form is gohon kumite (5 […]


Mushin (無心) means literally: “mind without mind”. It refers to the budo concept of staying calm under stress and pressure. This calmness works like an inner silence. Like zanshin it focuses the attention of the […]


Randori (乱取り) means in Japanese “chaos taking” or “grasping freedom”. Randori is the free application of Shotokan techniques during classes in a kumite situation. It can be understood as sparring. No roles become assigned. Thus, […]

Sanbon Kumite

Sanbon kumite (三本組み手) means 3-step kumite. Sanbon kumite slightly changes the approach of gohon kumite. Instead of using one attack and one block five times, both change with every step. The amount of steps will […]


Definition Shotokan (松濤館) is a Japanese martial arts. It belongs to the fighting and self-defense system Karate (空手). Karate itself has been developed on the islands of Okinawa. According to the famous karate blogger, Jesse […]

Tachi Waza

Definition Tachi waza (立ち技) is the Japanese term for stance/s (tachi/dachi). Shotokan karateka apply all techniques from specific stances. All stances feature advantages and disadvantages. Some offer very stable positions. Others prepare powerful techniques. And […]