Budo (武道) stance for “martial way”. While budo can easily misinterpreted as a philosophy of violence and war (martial). It aims, however, on the complete opposite. French aikido master Guillaume Erard recently described budo as […]



Bunkai (分解) literally means “analysis” and “disassembly”. It refers to the practice of putting kata into practice and applying it to fighting situations. Therefore, it works as an analysis of or the deconstruction of a […]


Embusen (演武線) describe the route or line of movement of a kata. Every Shotokan kata has a unique flow of techniques and sequences. They also have unique lines of movement. Like a fingerprint every kata […]

Gohon Kumite

Gohon kumite (五本組み手) means 5-step kumite. It is the most simple form of kumite. The roles of the defender and the attacker are set as well as the techniques used by both roles. Gohon refers […]


Goshin-jutsu (護身術) means “art of self-defense”. Unlike point fighting goshin-jutsu applies the whole variety of Shotokan techniques. It focuses on real-life situations and how to master them. Therefore, it also applies knee and elbow strikes, […]

Happo Kumite

Happo kumite (八方組み手) means literally “all sides” or “four ordinal directions” kumite. Hence, happo kumite increases the complexity of kumite in a way that it adds opponents. The amount of opponents and angles of attack […]

History of Shotokan

Shotokan karate has been developed since the 1920´s. Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957), an assistant teacher trained in Chinese and Japanese philosophy from Okinawa, and his son Yoshitaka (Gigo) Funakoshi (1906–1945) formulated the foundational principles of the. […]

Jiyu Ippon Kumite

Jiyu ippon kumite (自由一本組み手) means controlled kumite with preset rules like kihon ippon kumite but from a free (jiyu) position. While it works the same way like kihon ippon kumite when it comes to the […]

Jiyu Kumite

Jiyu kumite (自由 組み手) means “free” fighting. While it can be conducted in way that it simulates real-life fighting situations, it mostly follows the aim to gain points for attacks. Thus, jiyu kumite does not […]


What is Kata? Kata (型) means “form”. Kata simulates a fighting situations against several imaginary opponents. The fight, however, is stylized. That means: All techniques applied are formalized and not executed in a jiyu-kamae (free) […]